Bignonia Capreolata [PORTABLE]
Bignonia capreolata is a vine commonly referred to as crossvine. The common name refers to the cross-shaped pattern revealed when the stem is cut; this pattern results from four radial wedges of phloem embedded within the stem's xylem. It is native to the central and southern United States. The vine climbs without twining but does produce tendrils. It produces long tubular flowers which are red and yellow and frequently have a mocha fragrance. The leaves are dark green to almost purple and produced as opposite pairs with terminal tendrils. The vine often climbs very high, with leaves only remaining on the uppermost portion of the plant. Crossvine can spread aggressively through stolons and may need to be managed in garden or domestic settings.
A showstopping native to the southeastern United States, Bignonia capreolata (Cross Vine) is a fast-growing, self-clinging, woody vine with a profusion of fragrant, trumpet-shaped flowers, 2 in. long (5 cm), in bright shades of orange, yellow or red. Regarded as one of the most floriferous of the vining plants, it is practically smothered in large clusters of 2 to 5 colorful blossoms in mid-spring, with intermittent summer blooms. Lasting up to four weeks, the flowers provide a spectacular floral display. Hummingbirds love them and never fail to visit them. The blooms are followed by greenish, pod-like seeds which mature in late summer and persist into fall. The foliage of opposite, compound, glossy dark green leaves is evergreen in mild climates areas but turns reddish-purple in colder areas before dropping to the ground.
Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British IslesRecommended citation'Bignonia capreolata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/bignonia/bignonia-capreolata/). Accessed 2023-04-02.GenusBignoniaCommon NamesCross VineSynonymsDoxantha capreolata (L.) MiersSpecies LinksOther taxa in genusSpecies LinksOther taxa in genusGlossaryGlossarycalyx(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.corollaThe inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.apex(pl. apices) Tip. apical At the apex.glabrousLacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.lanceolateLance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.ovateEgg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.ReferencesReferencesThere are no active references in this article.CreditsCreditsArticle from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British IslesRecommended citation'Bignonia capreolata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/bignonia/bignonia-capreolata/). Accessed 2023-04-02. 041b061a72